Where plants are supplied with water artificially it is known as irrigation. The water is availed at the plants in intervals since the irrigation process requires proper handling and wastage free process. In areas where rain water is not sufficient, irrigation is the common option of growing plants. Apart from growing agricultural products, irrigation is also majorly used in landscape maintenance.
Under agricultural purposes, irrigation is used to reduce growth of weed. The improper hardness of the soil can be eliminated through irrigation and hence ensure that the soil is efficient for growing plants. Livestock production just like crop production is a main consumption division of irrigation water and can be used to water animals and cool their bodies. Reduction and the control of dust can be done through irrigation. The softening of water and reduction of the dust in the mining areas can be done through irrigation. Sewage disposal can also be done through irrigation. The removal of water where it is not supposed to be can be regarded as drainage which can be wholly defined as a way of irrigation.
Irrigation has been used in many countries throughout the world in different social cultures and hence different ways of usage, such as in Yakima irrigation. Many countries have had use of irrigation in maintaining crop production to ensure self-sustaining production of food. Irrigation has been greatly used in desert and semi-desert countries throughout a large period of time. Due to rise in technology, irrigation has also experienced rise in terms or practice. Water is being supplied to the dry areas of different countries through the proper utility and exploitation of the water bodies available in the country.
The types of irrigation depends on the method of water supply to the crops. The amount of water supplied to plants is dependent on the water consumption needs of the plant. Some plants vary in the consumption level including plants that entirely require water for growth like rice and sugarcane. Surface irrigation has been in use for a very long period of time. Irrigation to the farming land is done through furrows. Maximum saturation of the soil makes this type of irrigation cause flooding. This method is mainly used under areas with sufficient and probably heavy supply of water in and it is still being used in countries with sufficient water bodies.
Another famous mode of Selah irrigation is the micro irrigation which can also be referred as the trickle irrigation. This type of irrigation involves supply of water through pipes under a certain sequence in lower quantities to the plants. This is basically a type of drip irrigation and may also involve using other structures such as sprinklers and sprays. Whilst offering equipment and irrigation suggestions and schemes, irrigation in Yakima can be termed as one of the successful irrigation entities and locations.